Dynamic of black-grass populations depending on the sowing time of winter wheat.

Abstract

Currently, economic, agronomic and environmental concerns, lead to reduce use of herbicides. This reduction can be help by cultural measures like delay of the sowing date. Four sowing dates of winter wheat from 15th of October to 26th of November were tested. Dynamic of black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.) populations and their reproduction rate were assessed as well as dynamic of winter wheat for each date. Delay of sowing could significantly reduce reproduction rate of black-grass. It was shown that the emergence rate (pl/m2), but also number of ears per plant and number of seeds per ear of black-grass decreased significantly with the sowing date. This reduction of seeds production already is from sixty per cent for a delay of two weeks sowing.

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