Growth and ion uptake in Annona muricata and A. squamosa subjected to salt stress

Abstract

The effects of treatment with NaCl (3, 100 and 300 mM) for 1, 2, 3 and 7 d on plant growth and ion accumulation were analyzed in 2-week and 8-week-old Annona muricata and A. squamosa plants. Fresh mass and root growth inhibition were directly related to the increase in salinity, particularly for A. squamosa. Two-weeks old seedlings were sensitive to 100 and 300 mM NaCl particularly after 7 d, whereas 8-week-old plants were shown to be more resistant to NaCl even at 300 mM NaCl. Na+ and Cl− mostly accumulated in young leaves. Our results suggest that A. squamosa is more sensitive than A. muricata to salt stress and that older seedlings of both species are more tolerant than younger seedlings.

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